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This is a photo of raw benzoin (a resin similar to frankincense). For generations, Indigenous Batak communities have planted benzoin trees in the forests on their traditionally-owned lands and have sustainably harvested the tree’s resin for incense. For many, this a significant cultural practice and the primary source of income. Since Toba Pulp Lestari (TPL) took over the communities’ land for its pulp plantations, many benzoin forests have been cleared and converted to pulp plantations, directly threatening the livelihoods of many communities.

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